Currently, in the bread industry, there are two standards in the field of targeted subsidies and flour price liberalization. The first recently prescribed standard is to take steps to control bakers through bread card readers. This policy has been adopted while in countries around the world they believe government downsizing and they believe that as long as the government grants subsidies, it cannot be scaled down, because the government must take charge of the implementation of subsidies in the country.
Therefore, while the government is responsible for the implementation of subsidies, it is very difficult to talk about the downsizing of the government and say that the government only facilitates matters in the production of legislation, and removes the obstacles and smoothly. When the government is in charge of implementing subsidies, it is necessary to attract a large amount of manpower in the government body to control and monitor several thousand cards. So these controls add to the burden of government hiring. Accordingly, although any government that has emerged in the years following the war between Iran and Iraq has talked about downsizing the government as an experience that has worked in the world, in fact, this approach is in contradiction to the issue of downsizing. In the food industry, all subsidies must be eliminated. If liberalization is to be done, this should be implemented for all sectors and in all areas, and then subsidized to low-income and low-income groups.
Once liberation is done, bakery customers can no longer buy cheap bread. Today, even the affluent and wealthy strata of society are buying cheap bread from traditional bakeries using state subsidies, while this is an error. They do not have the right to receive the bread and they have to buy the bread at a free rate. While the government is barely supplying and importing wheat into the country, the affluent should not have access to cheap bread. However, we see that in some traditional restaurants in Tehran, they have also set up bakeries to serve food, and these breads are cooked with government subsidies, but there is no reason why these restaurants can use this subsidy. Or that Iran’s petrochemical, with its large income and relying on this income, has managed the Iranian economy under sanctions, should not be able to use subsidized bread and should be liberalized so that the petrochemical does not seek concessions and ration flour to produce its needed bread.
There is no reason that petrochemicals can use subsidized flour and subsidies should only be provided to the poor and poor in society. In such circumstances, the proposal to liberalize the general flour rate and the correct and accurate identification of the low-income strata and subsidy of fuel and bread to them is at least 2.5 million tomans, and the subsidy of about 300 or 400 thousand tomans has little impact on the lives of the poor strata. Therefore, the low-income groups of the society must be identified and subsidized adequately and adequately to support their lives and that these families can enjoy a minimum livelihood.